Frequently Asked Questions
General Patient Questions & Answers
How shall I treat my acne?
For minor/ mild acne: Use a good cleanser/face wash twice daily and apply a cream containing Clindamycin and nicotinamide twice daily.
But if acne is severe or chronic and not responding to the above for months you need oral medicines also. For that consult a qualified dermatologist for proper assessment and better treatment.
What to do of acne scars?
Tretinoin cream is helpful for minor scars but if it’s severe various procedures are available like TCA Cross, Dermaroller treatment, subcision, Dermapen, Laser treatment etc.
How to treat dark circles?
Take proper sleep
Check your eyes for power correction
Use sunscreen properly
Avoid direct sunlight
Use goggles while going sun and working with computer
Take a diet rich in Vitamin C
Avoid excessive eye cosmetics
Use a good undereye cream at night containing Vitamin K
Consult a dermatologist for chemical peeling and laser treatment
How to treat facial hair?
First, you have to find out the cause by some hormonal tests like FSH, LH, DHEA, etc.
Avoid cream containing steroids on face.
A cream containing 13.9℅ Eflornithine cream is useful in mild cases but laser hair reduction is best.
How to get rid of acne?
Twice a day face wash with a good cleanser
Healthy and balanced diet
Avoid diet containing sugar and excessively fatty foods
Avoid cream containing steroids.
How to treat pigmentation?
Use a good quality sunscreen containing at least SPF 30 every 2-3 hourly.
Use a cream containing glycolic acid, kojic acid, arbutin, licorice, alpha white.
Consult a dermatologist for chemical peeling or laser treatment for faster relief.
How many types of chemical peeling are there?
Many types available like
Glycolic acid peel
Salicylic acid peel
Lactic acid peel
Retinoic acid peel (yellow peel)
Mandelic acid peel
Kojic acid peel
What to do in Hairfall?
Eat a healthy balanced diet
Use sulfate and paraben-free shampoo
Do blood test for thyroid and hemoglobin problem
Consult your dermatologist
What is vitiligo and is it contagious?
Vitiligo is a autoimmune disease where white spot suddenly appears on body , it’s a chronic disease. It is not contagious.
Is Vitiligo curable?
Yes, if treated early and if the patches are small.
What is the treatment of Vitiligo?
Treatment of Vitiligo depends on the age of patients, size of the patches, any other Comorbidities
Steroid creams like – Fluticasone, mometasone, clobetasole are used
Tacrolimus, pimecrolimus various other medicines like psoralen , decapeptide, Calcipotriol, narrowband ultraviolet B therapy (NBUVB) is the most effective
Consultant a qualified dermatologist for better diagnoses and treatment
What is Leukoderma?
Any white spot on the skin is leukoderma
What is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness scaling and thickening of the skin it effects skin hair nail and joints.
Is Psoriasis contagious?
No it is not contagious, and it doesn’t spread by touching from one person to another person.
Is Psoriasis curable?
Psoriasis is a chronic disease with recurrence and highly unpredictable.
In some patients, it is cured but in many patients it can be controlled with proper medication under supervision of qualified dermatologist.
What is the treatment of scalp psoriasis?
It is treated by using specialized shampoos containing kitoconazole , Coal tar, salicylic acid, and steroid lotion.
In Some critical cases, oral medicine might be needed and should be taken under the supervision of a qualified dermatologist.
What is pompholyx?
It is endogenous eczema characterized by deep-seated vesicles over palms and soles which is highly itchy.
What is finger tip eczema?
It is an eczema of fingers of hand characterized by scaling, cracking and ulcerations if finger. It’s highly painful and itchy.
What’s the cause of finger tip eczema?
Contact with vegetable/flower juice, onion juice, soap, detergent and certain chemicals.
What’s the treatment of finger tip eczema?
Avoid Contact with vegetable/flower juice, onion juice, soap, detergent and certain chemicals.
Use gloves while handling the above items.
Use of steroid cream, moisturizer, and oral antihistamines.
Severe cases are treated with oral medicines and should be taken with the supervision of a qualified dermatologist.
Bullous pemphigoid is a rare skin condition that typically affects people in middle age & beyond. It causes a range of skin findings, from itchy, hive-like welts to large, fluid-filled blisters which can get infected. Bullous pemphigoid may affect a small area of the body or be widespread. The blisters usually occur on areas of the skin that are flexible.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis is a form of dermatitis/eczema caused by an allergic reaction to a material, called an allergen, in contact with the skin. The allergen is harmless to people that are not allergic to it. Allergic contact dermatitis is also called contact allergy. Allergic contact dermatitis is common in general population & in specific employment groups.
Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by a yeast (a type of fungus) called Candida. Some species of Candida can cause infection in people; the most common is Candida albicans. Candida normally lives on the skin and inside the body, in places such as the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing any problems.
Impetigo (Bacterial Infection)
Impetigo (im-puh-TIE-go) is a common and highly contagious skin infection that mainly affects infants and young children. It usually appears as reddish sores on the face, especially around the nose and mouth and on the hands and feet.
Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is the most common chronic form of cutaneous lupus. It is characterised by persistent scaly, disk-like plaques on the scalp, face, and ears that may cause pigmentary changes, scarring and hair loss.
A fungal infection, also called mycosis, is a skin disease caused by a fungus. There are millions of species of fungi. They live in the dirt, on plants, on household surfaces, and on your skin. Sometimes, they can lead to skin problems like rashes or bumps.
Diffuse Hair Loss
Diffuse thinning refers to the diminishing, or shedding, of hair across the scalp and is typically caused by telogen effluvium; occurring when an unusually large number of the scalp’s follicles enter their telogen phase.
Keloids are a type of raised scar. They occur where the skin has healed after an injury. They can grow to be much larger than the original injury. They are not at all common, but are more likely for people who have dark skin.
Alopecia totalis is a skin condition that causes hair loss. It isn’t the same as localized alopecia areata. Localized alopecia areata causes round patches of hair loss on the scalp, but alopecia totalis causes complete baldness of the scalp.
Acquired Digital Fibrokeratoma
ADFK is a rare, benign, fibrous tumor, usually occurs in adults as a solitary lesion on fingers & toes. Since it shares clinical & histologic features with other cutaneous conditions, careful examination is necessary for proper diagnosis.
Hyperpigmentation acne occurs when a dark spot appears on the skin after a pimple disappears. These dark spots may occur in all skin types, but they occur more commonlyTrusted Source in people with darker skin tones.
Male Pattern Hair Loss
Male pattern baldness, also called androgenic alopecia, is the most common type of hair loss in men. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), more than 50 percent of all men over the age of 50 will be affected by male pattern baldness to some extent.
Paronychia is a skin infection around the fingernails or toenails. It usually affects the skin at the base (cuticle) or up the sides of the nail. There are two types of paronychia: Acute paronychia – comes on suddenly and may not last long; it usually occurs on fingers.
Photocontact dermatitis is a toxic or allergic reaction that may occur when certain chemicals are applied to the skin and subsequently exposed to the sun.
Pyogenic granuloma is a common, benign growth that often appears as a rapidly growing, bleeding bump on the skin or inside the mouth. It is composed of blood vessels and may occur at the site of minor injury.
Pigmentation refers to the coloring of the skin. Skin pigmentation disorders cause changes to the color of your skin. Melanin is made by cells in the skin and is the pigment responsible for your skin’s color. Hyperpigmentation is a condition that causes your skin to darken.
Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes red, itchy scaly patches, most commonly on the knees, elbows, trunk and scalp. Psoriasis is a common, long-term (chronic) disease with no cure. It tends to go through cycles, flaring for a few weeks or months, then subsiding for a while or going into remission.
A solar or senile comedo is a small skin coloured papule found on the face of a middle-aged or older person. Soalr comedones affect areas that have been exposed to sunlight over a long period of time. The comedones may be open (blackheads) or closed (whiteheads).
Steroid rosacea is the name given to a rosacea-like condition on the mid-face caused by potent topical steroids or their withdrawal. It is a variant of perioificial dermatitis or may be the same condition (note that periorificial dermatitis may occur in the absence of topical steroid).
Vitiligo is a long-term condition where pale white patches develop on the skin. It’s caused by the lack of melanin, which is the pigment in skin. Vitiligo can affect any area of skin, but it commonly happens on the face, neck and hands, and in skin creases. Pale areas are more vulnerable.
Angioedema is the rapid edema, or swelling, of the area beneath the skin or mucosa. It is normally an allergic reaction, but it can also be hereditary. The swelling happens because fluid accumulates.
Palmoplantar psoriasis is a chronic variant of psoriasis that characteristically affects the skin of the palms and soles and produces significant functional disability. It features hyperkeratotic, pustular, or mixed morphologies. Though historically difficult to treat, recent studies on biologic therapies have shown promising results for the treatment of palmoplantar psoriasis.
Pemphigus is a rare group of autoimmune diseases. It causes blisters on the skin and mucous membranes throughout the body. It can affect the mouth, nose, throat, eyes, and genitals. Pemphigus vulgaris is the most common type of pemphigus. Pemphigus vulgaris is not fully understood. Experts believe that it’s triggered when a person who has a genetic tendency to get this condition comes into contact with an environmental trigger, such as a chemical or a drug.
If you’ve ever sipped a hot cup of coffee or washed dishes with hot water, you may have experienced a hot water burn. Many burns are caused by dry heat from a fire, hot iron, or stove. A burn caused by something wet — like steam or hot water — is called a scald.
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